Acción Anti-viral Y Anti-bacteriano

Antiviral activity of Spirulina maxima against herpes simplex virus type 2.

Hernandez-Corona A, Nieves I, Meckes M, Chamorro G, Barron BL.

Departamento de Microbiología, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas, IPN, Mexico DF , Mexico.

Spirulina has been used in a variety of practical applications in biotechnology and medical sciences. This paper presents the antiviral activity found in a hot water extract (HWE) of a commercial preparation of Spirulina maxima, studied by a microplate inhibition assay, using several viruses. The HWE inhibited the infection for: herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), pseudorabies virus (PRV), human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), and HSV-1, and the 50% effective inhibition doses (ED(50)) were 0.069, 0.103, 0.142, and 0.333 mg/ml for each virus, respectively. For adenovirus the inhibition was less than 20%, and no inhibition was found for measles virus, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis virus (SSPE), vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), poliovirus 1 and rotavirus SA-11, at concentrations of 2 mg/ml of the HWE. The highest antiviral activity was for HSV-2, with a selectivity index of 128. The antiviral activity was not due to a virucidal effect. Herpesvirus infection was inhibited at the initial events (adsorption and penetration) of the viral cycle. To initiate the isolation and identification of the compound that exhibits the antiviral activity of S. maxima, some extracts made by using several solvents with different polarity were evaluated by microplate inhibition assay using HSV-2. The highest antiviral activity was detected in the methanol-water 3:1, which suggests that the antiviral activity is probably due to highly polar compounds.

PUB: Antiviral Res. 2002 Dec;56(3):279-85.

Action of Spirulina platensis on bacterial viruses

Gorobets OB, Blinkova LP, Baturo AP.

Mechnikov Research Institute for Vaccines and Sera, Moscow, Russia.

The impact of the biomass of the blue-green microalga (cyanobacterium) S. platensis on bacteriophage T4 (bacterial virus) has been evaluated. The study revealed that the addition of S. platensis biomass into the agar nutrient medium, followed by sterilization with 2% chloroform and thermal treatment, produced an inhibiting or stimulating effect on the reproduction of the bacteriophage in Escherichia coli B cells, depending on the concentration of S. platensis and the multiplicity of phage infection, as well as on the fact whether the microalgae were added during the first cycle of the development of the virus. The reproduction of the bacteriophage in E. coli B was influenced by the method and duration of the sterilization of the nutrient medium with S. platensis.

PUB: Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2002 Nov-Dec;(6):18-21.

Stimulating and inhibiting effect of Spirulina platensis on microorganisms

Gorobets OB, Blinkova LP, Baturo AP.

Mechnikov Research Institute for Vaccines and Sera, Moscow, Russia.

The blue-green microalga (cyanobacterium) S. platensis and the complex of its metabolites in the culture fluid being added into nutrient agar in doses of 0.01, 0.1 and 10 mg/ml, may produce a stimulating and inhibiting effect on microorganisms. In Spirulina biomass and in culture fluid substances which may be associated with the stimulation or inhibition of the growth of some microorganisms are supposedly contained. The manifestation of stimulating or inhibiting properties depended on the concentration of S. platensis and the complex of its metabolites, as well as on sterilization methods of nutrient media supplemented with these substances.

PUB: Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2001 Nov-Dec;(6):20-4.